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# 42904

Johann Heinrich Schroeder "Duchess Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen", important pastel!, ca 1800

Price: ON REQUEST

(please note additional 13% tax applies for transactions concluded within the European Union)

Marked in Johann Heinrich Schroeder's catalogue raisonné by Marieluise Spangenberg as "whereabouts unknown" (see our image nr.9), this resurfaced work is an extremely important (executed in ca 1800 according to the sitter's dress and hairstyle) pastel portrait of Queen Luise of Prussia's eldest sister Charlotte Georgine, Princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and - from 1784 - Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1769-1784; CLICK HERE and see our web #40653 and #36228). It was never shown at any public exhibitions and was throughout the years always the sole property of the Royal House of Hanover. It was published and illustrated only once (1932; see below).
The pastel's last owner was Ernst August Prince of Hanover, who actually lives in London. Recently, the portrait was auctioned off (accompanied by Schroeder's pastel portrait of Queen Luise) at Christie's London, where we consequently acquired it (see our image nr.11) on April 10, 2019.
Alike its companion, this pastel is a very important work of Berlin court artist Johann Heinrich Schroeder.

The best German pastelist of the late 18th century Johann Heinrich Schroeder (Schröder) was born in 1757 in Meiningen, Thuringia (which was then residence town of Duchy Saxe-Meiningen). His early work shows the influence of Johann Philipp Bach who may also have taught him. However, by 1778 he had become a pupil of J.H.Tischbein in Kassel where he exhibited two works at "Junge Maler" in the Academy show in 1780: one pastel portrait, the other a Cleopatra after Titian (medium unspecified). He travelled to Hanover (ca. 1780-84), Brunswick (court artist 1785), Frankfurt, Mannheim, Dresden (1786), Kassel (1787, returning in 1804), Berlin (1789-1792 and 1793-1806). His first trip to Berlin was mentioned in a letter from January 1789 of Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel to her sister-in-law, Elisabeth Christine, Queen of Prussia.
From 1792-1793 Schroeder was in London, following the marriage of the Prussian Princess Friederike with the Duke of York; there he portrayed the Royal Family and exhibited three portraits of unnamed sitters at the Royal Academy. Returning to Germany via The Netherlands, he made a portrait of Queen Luise of Prussia which was widely copied. He was in Brunswick in 1801 before settling in his home town Meiningen after 1806. There were further trips to Bad Pyrmont (1806) and Karlsruhe (1810-1811). He also executed a series of portraits of the Baden Royal Family in the 1800s.
He died in his native town Meiningen in 1812.

Provenance:
1) Property of Duke of Brunswick-Lueneburg
2) Property of the Royal House of Hanover, Castle Marienburg by Hildesheim, Germany
3) Prince Ernst August of Hanover, London (see our image nr.10)

CLICK HERE FOR OTHER WORKS OF THIS ARTIST IN OUR POSSESSION
(we shall add that over the years we have amassed the largest private collection of Schroeder's works worldwide)

Literature: A. Dorner "Hundert Jahre Kunst in Hannover /1750-1850", München 1932, p.57 (illustrated)

Condition: good; in original frame

Creation Year: ca 1800

Measurements:UNFRAMED:51,9x41,4cm/20,4x16,3in FRAMED: 66,3x55,8cm/26,1x22,0in

Object Type:Framed pastel

Style: Old Master drawings

Technique: pastel on vellum (rectangular; mounted onto stretcher by the artist)

Inscription:-

Creator: Johann Heinrich Schroeder

Creator Dates: 1757 Meiningen-1812 Meiningen

Nationality:German


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