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# 42949

Antonin Bayer-? "Count Josef v. Lazansky from Austrian 3rd Chevaulegers", miniature, 1803/05

2200  EUR
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 2200 USD

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In 1801, the Austrian Light Dragoons were split into the Dragoons and the Chevaulegers. By the order of December 19, 1801, the Dragoons were instructed to revert from green to white uniforms, whereas the Chevaulegers were to continue wearing the green uniforms of the Light Dragoons. However, it was not unusual to find Dragoons still wearing the green uniforms during the Campaign of 1805, and the Chevaulegers - wearing white (quoted from Phlip Haythornthwaite's "Austrian army in the Napoleonic Wars", vol.2 (cavalry), 1986).

The Austrian cavalry officer is depicted in this miniature portrait wearing the uniform dating back to the period between 1798 (the year, in which the turn-down collar of the uniform was replaced by a stand-up one) and 1806 (the year, in which Austrian Emperor Franz lost his title of Franz II, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, and became solely Franz I of Austria; consequently, the monogram "FII" on the helmets was replaced by "FI"). He is portrayed here in white uniform with yellow (sic!) buttons - a clear indication of the fact that he is neither a dragoon (white buttons) nor a cuirassier (additionall buttons on collar), but an officer of the Chevaulegers. His "lichtrot" (light-red) collar offers the number of his regiment - "No.3 (assigned in 1803; for instance, between the years 1801 and 1803, the regiment maintained "No.10").
During the period between 1803 (in this year, "Oesterreichische Militaer-Alamanach began publishing complete lists of officers across every regiment - see our image nr.7) and 1805, we were able to locate only one officer, whose noble name (sic!) could have be coded into monogram "JvL" ("v" for "von"; this monogram is clearly detectable on verso of our miniature). We refer to Seconds-Rittmeister (2nd Captain) Graf (Count) Josef (von) Lazansky. By 1806, he was already a Premiers-Rittmeister (1st Captain) and "Kaemmerer" (chamberlain (court title)) .

As a result of the profound Web research, we established the following:
Josef (Joseph) Graf von Lazansky Freiherr (Baron) von Bukowa was a descendant of an old, artistocratic Bohemian family. His father, Prokop Udalricus Josef Nikodemus Graf von Lazansky, Freiherr von Bukowa (1740-1804) was a well-known Austrian statesman and politician; from 1792 - President of the Bohemian provincial government; from 1796 - Head of the Ministry of Finances; from 1800 - Minister of the Interior, and - from 1802 - Minister of Justice.
His eldest brother, Prokop Graf Lazansky junior (1771-1823) also became a high-ranking official in Bohemia and, later, in Galicia (now - Western Ukraine).
His other brother (a year his senior) Johann Graf von Lazansky (1774-1830) also made a brilliant career (he was last recorded as the Head of Bohemian provincial court).

The sitter in "our" portrait - Josef von Lazansky - was born in 1779. He was married to Philippine Freiin (daughter of Freiherr (Baron)) Berrenyi von Beren (1785-1850; she was a bearer of the Austrian Ladies Order of Star Cross). Philippine gave birth to their son (he was similarly named Josef) after her husband's sudden death in 1816 (he was merely 37 then).

This miniature strongly resembles works of Bohemian (sic!), turn of the 19th century miniaturist Antonin Bayer, who (among others) specialized in portraits of the Austrian military officers (for example, see our image nr.12).

Antonin (Anton) Bayer was born in 1768 in Tannenberg (Svatá Anna / Böhmerwald) and died in 1833 in Prague. He studied from 1801 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague, and lived mainly in this city, with interruptions for Budapest (1821-23) and Vienna (ca. 1825). His clientele generally included members of aristocracy (especially families Thun and Nostitz) and artists.

Provenance: private collection, Florida / USA

mijun1719

Condition: good; in original frame; one verso: sitter's braided lock of hair

Creation Year: 1803/05

Measurements: UNFRAMED:6,6x5,5cm/2,6x2,2in FRAMED: 7,1x5,9cm/2,8x2,3in

Object Type: Framed miniature

Style: Portrait Miniatures

Technique: watercolor on ivory

Inscription: verso: sitter's initials "JvL" (ligated) and braided lock of hair

Creator: Antonin Bayer
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: 1768 Tannenberg-1833 Prague

Nationality: Czech / Austrian

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