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Carl Schmeidler "Russian Lieutenant General Alexander Duke v. Württemberg ", fine miniature, 1813
Price: 3500 EUR
(please note additional Austrian VAT (Value Added Tax) applies for transactions concluded within the European Union)
THE SELLER WILL COVER SHIPPING WITH REGULAR MAIL FOR THIS ITEM!
The inscription on verso of this miniature (made by one of its previous owners) informing us that it is a portrait of "King of Holland" is absolutely erroneous.
In reality we are dealing with a portrait of Alexander Friedrich Karl, Duke von Württemberg (1771-1833), lieutenant general of Russian Army. His (executed much later) portrait by George Dawe in Military Gallery of St.Petersburg Hermitage shows doubtlessly the same man.
His hairstyle is still that from the turn of 1810s but one important detail says this miniature was made just after his native country, Kingdom (since 1803) of Wuerttemberg left Napoleon (after the Battle of Leipzig (Otober 1813)) and joined the anti-Napoleonic coalition. It was exactly then that he was awarded by his elder brother, King Friedrich I of Württemberg the Order of Golden Eagle (existed from 1807 to 1818; in 1818 renamed to Order of Wuerttembergian Crown). Exactly the insignia of this award - breast star and red shoulder sash with black borders we see on this portrait.
For extensive biography of Duke von Wuerttemberg CLICK HERE and HERE.
But where and by whom was this miniature made?
We believe it was executed during the Duke's presence in the Russian field army in late autumn of 1813. i.e on the territory of Saxony or neighbouring Silezia. In this exact region and at that time well-known miniaturist from Silezian town Breslau, Carl Gottlob Schmeidler was active. And really - this miniature demonstrates absolutely all critera of latter's works (for comparison see other works of his in our possession)
Carl Gottlob Schmeidler was born in Nimptsch, Silesia (today in Poland) in 1772 and died in Breslau (today Wroclaw, Poland) in 1838.
After doing his preliminary art studies in Breslau, he became a pupil at the Academy of Dresden. When he finished his studies he returned to Breslau, where he soon became a much sought after miniaturist. In 1813 when he was staying in this town, King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia had Schmeidler do the portraits of his children. Soon the whole aristocracy of Silesia came to him or invited him to the castles of the region. The artist won more and more the esteem of his fellow-citizens and from 1828 to 1831 he was the president of the municipal council and the following year, deputy.
Schidlof further says: "Schmeidler was one of the best German miniaturists of his period".
Numerous miniatures by Schmeidler were with families of Silesia before the WWI. The museum of Breslau (Wroclaw) had several of them.
Provenance: German private collection
Creation Year: 1813
Measurements:UNFRAMED:4,3x3,2cm/1,7x1,3in FRAMED: 4,7x3,6cm/1,9x1,4in
Object Type:Framed miniature
Style: Portrait Miniatures
Technique: watercolor on ivory
Creator: Carl Gottlob Schmeidler
Creator Dates: 1772 Nimptsch, Silezia-1838 Breslau (Wroclaw)
Nationality:Polish / German
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