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# 43568

J. C. A. Schwartz "Colonel v. Holtzendorff, Commander of "Gensdarmes (after Schroeder)", 1804

Price: 4900  EUR

(please note additional Austrian VAT (Value Added Tax) applies for transactions concluded within the European Union)

Demonstrating all stylistic criteria of works of the best German, turn of 19th century pastelist Johann Heinrich Schroeder (see comparison images nr.10-14), this pastel portrait of superior quality shows a mid-aged senior military officer who wears an "interims" (everyday) uniform of the Prussian 10th Cuirassier Regiment "Gensdarmes" which since its formation was stationed in Berlin, at Gendarmenmarkt Square. This cavalry unit was formed in 1691 (1692?) and was disbanded in 1806 (CLICK HERE and see our image nr.6).

The sitter bears insignia of two Prussian awards - neck cross of Order "Pour le merite" and shoulder sash (orange with white edges) of Order of the Red Eagle of 1st class (the latter says the bearer is a general) .

After profound search in the standard reference source - "Ordens-Liste von den Rittern und Besitzer der Königlich Preussischen Orden und Ehrenzeichen im Jahre 1817", Berlin 1817 - we found only five cavalry generals who possessed exactly this set of awards (before 1817) (and no other!). From these five men only one had a relation to the "Gensdarmes" - commander of this regiment in 1788-1797 Friedrich Jakob (also Jakob Friedrich) von Holtzendorff (1741-1820) .
This celebrated Prussian soldier (see our images nr.7 with biographical information) obtained his "Pour le merite" on 23rd May 1792, being still in rank of a colonel. Oops! His Red Eagle of 1st Class (shoulder sash!) he received twelve years later, in 1804, as he was already (since 1797) general and chief (proprietor) of another cuirassier regiment - No.9 (i. e. he wore another uniform in 1804!).

We are absolutely sure presented here portrait could not be executed by aforementioned J. H. Schroeder (whose first stay in Berlin continued from 1789 to 1792, i. e. before (!) May 1792 awarding Colonel von Holtzendorff his first award - neck cross of "Pour le merite"; also in 1804 (Holtzendorf's Red Eagle) Schroeder was not in Belin but already back in native Brunswick). We are absolutely sure he portrayed our Holtzendorff still before 1792, showing the latter in uniform of his regiment and without (!!) awards. In 1804, after awarding (already General) Holtzendorff Order of Red Eagle, staying then in Berlin Schroeder's best pupil and follower, Johann Christian August Schwartz (see our image nr. 15) made a copy after Schroeder's portrait, adding cross of "Pour le merite" and sash of the Red Eagle.

Johann Christian August Schwartz (1756 Hildesheim - 1814 Brunswick) worked in Brunswick (Braunschweig), Dresden, Hamburg, and exhibited at the Berlin Academy in 1800. He was evidently close to Johann Heinrich Schroeder (1757-1812): the attribution of works between them is complicated by the number of pastels signed by Schwartz which are in fact versions of works by Schroeder; many confusions still persist.

CLICK HERE FOR OTHER WORKS OF THIS ARTIST IN OUR POSSESSION.

Provenance: German private collection

Condition: good

Creation Year: 1789/92

Measurements:UNFRAMED:31,0x24,5cm/12,2x9,6in FRAMED: 40,8x34,0cm/16,1x13,4in

Object Type:Framed pastel

Style: Old master drawings

Technique: pastel on vellum (mounted by artist onto stretcher)

Inscription:-

Creator: Johann Christian August Schwartz

Creator Dates: 1756 Hildesheim-1814 Brunswick

Nationality:German

SHIPPING OPTIONS:

  • 2-3 days door-to-door shipment, professionally packed by Mail Boxes Etc and shipped with DHL (calculated for US): 145,53 EUR + insurance 1,8% of item price
    Shipping cost to other destinations (worldwide) on request
    Shipping price may be reduced if you dispense with the frame

  • Cheaper alternative (may be further reduced if you dispense with the frame): professionally packed by Mail Boxes Etc and shipped with regular Austrian mail - upon request under office@wilnitsky.net  (OBS: In this case maximal refunded insurance value is EUR 500 if shipping destination was the US. In Europe sometimes more, depending on destination.)



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